About The Gillingham Manual Orton-Gillingham Based Products

The Orton-Gillingham Approach

The Orton-Gillingham approach is so named because of the foundational
and seminal contributions of Samuel T. Orton and Anna Gillingham.

Who were Orton & Gillingham?

Samuel Torrey Orton (1879-1948), a neuropsychiatrist and pathologist, was a pioneer in focusing attention on reading failure and related language processing difficulties. He brought together neuroscientific information and principles of remediation. As early as the 1920s, he had extensively studied children with the kind of language processing difficulties now commonly associated with dyslexia and had formulated a set of teaching principles and practices for such children.

Anna Gillingham (1878-1963) was a gifted educator and psychologist with a superb mastery of the [English] language. Working with Dr. Orton, she trained teachers and compiled and published instructional materials.

The Gillingham Manual*

Gillingham ManualDr. Samuel Orton and Anna Gillingham were pioneers in the field of dyslexia. Their groundbreaking Orton-Gillingham approach, sometimes referred to as OG, has been regarded as the most crucial and significant reading intervention designed specifically for children and adults with dyslexia. Based on her work with Dr. Orton, Anna compiled and published the instructional materials Lrarn More that would become The Gillingham Manual.

What is the Orton-Gillingham Approach?

Over the last half century the Orton-Gillingham approach has been the most influential intervention designed expressly for remediating the language processing problems of children and adults with dyslexia. The Orton-Gillingham approach is language-based, multisensory, structured, sequential, cumulative, cognitive, and flexible.


From the Academy of Orton-Gillingham Practitioners and Educators, "The Orton-Gillingham Approach", 2008, 2010, www.ortonacademy.org

Orton-Gillingham Based Products

The following products provide instruction that can be implemented by educators at various levels of expertise – from materials essential to Orton-Gillingham trained teachers to programs that offer instructional support and ease-of-use for any educator.

*Products suitable for Orton-Gillingham trained educators

  • Reading Intervention
  • Phonics and Word Study
  • Writing
  • Spelling
  • Learning Differences
S.P.I.R.E.

S.P.I.R.E.

Author Sheila Clark-Edmands has worked with children with language based learning differences for over 30 years and is an Orton-Gillingham Fellow. S.P.I.R.E. is a multisensory reading program, based on Orton-Gillingham principals. S.P.I.R.E. spans Pre-Level 1 (Sounds Sensible) through Level 8, covering phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension, and writing in every lesson.

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Recipe for Reading

Recipe for Reading

Dr. Samuel Orton and Anna Gillingham trained author Nina Traub in the Orton-Gillingham method. Nina developed Recipe for Reading to make the Orton-Gillingham method more accessible to the average teacher.

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Recipe for Reading

Preventing Academic Failure (PAF)

Both authors Phyllis Bertin and Eileen Perlman are Orton-Gillingham Fellows and have extensive experience working with dyslexics and struggling readers. PAF was designed as a classroom adaptation of Orton-Gillingham techniques.

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Explode The Code

Explode The Code

Author Nancy Hall is a trained Orton-Gillingham teacher. She developed Explode The Code with Orton-Gillingham principals to help struggling readers overcome the hurdle of learning to decode and encode.

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Sounds Sensible

Author Sheila Clark-Edmands has worked with children with language based learning differences for over 30 years and is an Orton-Gillingham Fellow. Sounds Sensible is a phonological awareness and beginning phonics program that also serves as Pre-Level 1 of S.P.I.R.E..

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Literacy Leaders

Literacy Leaders

Author Sheila Clark-Edmands has worked with children with language based learning differences for over 30 years and is an Orton-Gillingham Fellow. Literacy Leaders is an easy-to-use resource of quick, phonological awareness activities that serve as a perfect lead-in for phonics, reading, or spelling lessons.

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Writing Skills

Writing Skills

Author Diana Hanbury King is an Orton-Gillingham Fellow. She founded the Kildonan School and Dunnebeck Camp for dyslexic students. Diana developed Writing Skills with multisensory techniques to meet the needs of struggling writers.

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How to Teach Spelling

How to Teach Spelling

This manual provides resources and methods for planning effective spelling lessons based on the Orton-Gillingham approach.

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Dyslexia Training Program

Dyslexia Training Program*

This is an intensive two-year reading program for dyslexic students in grades 2-5. It was designed by the Texas Scottish Rite Hospital and is based on Orton-Gillingham principals.

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TSRH Literacy Program

TSRH Literacy Program*

This reading program was designed by the Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for adults who read below a 6th grade level. It is based on Orton-Gillingham principals.

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Alphabetic Phonics

Alphabetic Phonics*

Author Aylett Cox was the former Director of the Language Laboratory at the Texas Scottish Rite Hospital. Using the Orton-Gillingham approach, this program teaches handwriting, spelling, reading, reading comprehension, and oral and written expression.

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Languate Tool Kit

Language Tool Kit & Advanced Language Tool Kit*

Author Paula Rome learned the Orton-Gillingham approach from her uncle, Dr. Paul Dozier, a colleague of Dr. Orton. She partnered with gifted teacher Jean Osman to develop the Language Tool Kit. Based on Orton-Gillingham principals this program teaches reading and spelling to students with dyslexia or other language based learning differences.

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A guide to Teaching Phonics

Guide to Teaching Phonics*

This teacher's guide presents multisensory procedures developed in association with Dr. Samuel T. Orton.

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